Last updated : 28 Oct 2016

Intro to PsychologyThe Science of Thought and Behavior

Summary

Introduction to Psychology is a journey through all of the major psychological concepts and principles. The knowledge gained from this course will allow students to critically evaluate psychological research and have a more in-depth understanding of human thought and behavior.

Programme

This is the second course in the five-part Career Edge Fullbridge XSeries, designed to prepare student for career success.

Recommended  Course  Schedule

Week 1:

Lesson 01 What Is Psychology

Introduction to Psychology (and Tickles too)

Quiz: Two Areas of Curiousity

Questions Answered by Psychology

Practice Versus Research

Quiz: Applications of psychology

Quiz: Not real subfields

Psychology and animals

Quiz: What is IO psychology

Industrial and organizational psychology

Quiz: Health psychology

Subfields in this Course

What's the Point?

Quiz: Psychology of a NYC murder case

Those Other Fields

Forensic Psychology

Quiz: Questions for cognitive psychologists

Quiz: Learning in noisy environments

The Whole Story

The Questions of Psychology

What to do next

Week 2:

Lesson 02 Research Methods

Introduction to Research Methods

Sex Chores Correlation

Correlational coefficients

Which correlation

Negative point four correlation

Point four correlation

Less chores more sex

Beach correlation study

Two variables

Correlates which way

Ice cream causing drowning

Other factors

Correlation does not imply causation

Observing coffee drinking

Measuring cause and effect

Independent and dependent variables

High fives study

Hypothesis for high fives

Hypothesis vs theory

Dependent variable for high fives

Objective measure of happiness

Objective vs subjective measures

Two groups

Group assignment

Random assignment

Beverages

Single blind

Why single blind

Double blind studies

How to measure reaction time

Caffeine study recap

What conclusions

Data collected

Normal distribution

Caffeine study data

Ethics in research

Ethics in a cocaine study

Research methods closing points

Week 3:

Lesson 03 Biology of Behavior

The biology of behavior

Introducing Matt Sputnik and Genetics

Timeline of humans

Our closest relative

Human evolution

Natural selection

Consequences for humans

Brain evolution

Genetic code

Most DNA

Genome

Alleles

Dominant alleles

Dominance complexity

Huntington's disease

Genetic basis for behavior

Polygenic and monogenic traits

Introducing epigenetics

Genetically identical mice

Effects on offspring

Genes are not everything

Hear more Tales from the Genome

The importance of the brain

The nervous system

Somatic or autonomic

Dividing the autonomic nervous system

Startling dog

Return to normal

Responding to Tickles

Another sympathetic response

Parasympathetic and sympathetic physiology

Nervous system parts

The Amazing Brain in Lauren pets Sputnik

Important terms to be discussed

Cells of the nervous system

Two ways neurons communicate

The neuron

Synapses

Nerve signal path

Myelin sheath

Types of neurons

Signal from sensory neurons

Neurons responding to a bee

The action potential

Neurotransmission

Breakdown of neurotransmitters

Blocking reuptake

Importance of neurotransmitters

Neurotransmitters affecting thought and behavior

Brain function

Brain structures

London cab drivers

Lobes of the brain

Structure of the brain

Phineas Gage

Phineas fate

Cerebral hemispheres

Brain imaging

Methods of brain imaging

Closing points

Week 4:

Lesson 04 Sensation and Perception

Introduction to sensation and perception

Let the games begin

From the floor

Weight difference threshold

Which difference is hardest

Average weight difference threshold

Pain away

Pain from cut

More pain

Mechanoreceptors

Golden brain ceremony

Primary flavors

Savory flavor

Taste off

Emotional cookies

Sniffbook

What is sound

Pressure waves

Volume

Which wave is louder

Pitch

What is the frequency

Frequency and Pitch

Frequency of waves

Frequency and waves

Frequency of waves 2

Timbre

Three properties

First hearing event

Threshold tests

Absolute pitch threshold

Megga dog series 30000

Absolute volume threshold

How decibels work

Average threshold for volume

Deciboost

How does hearing work

Parts of the ear

Distance vision competition

Nearsightedness and the eye

Farsightedness

Parts of the eye

Last part of the eye

A colorblind winner

The trouble with colorblindness

Light waves and color

Color and wavelengths

The trouble with cones

Are you colorblind

Depth Perception

Depth Perception 2

Binocular cues

Jumping thumb

Monocular cues

Linear perspective

Odins eye

Goodbye from Sense Olympics

Closing points

Week 5:

Lesson 05 Development

Introduction with Sully

Nature vs nurture

Twin studies

Which is nature or nurture

Developmental stages and domains

Prenatal and infant neural development

Neurons without stimulation

Neuroplasticity

Most neurons

Toddler without stimulation

Neuroplasticity in action

Prenatal exposure

Two teratogens

Harmful teratogens

Alcohol and FASD

REM sleep for learning

Who else needs sleep

World of a newborn

Development of hearing

Development of vision

A visual cliff

The visual cliff test

Sensorimotor stage

Why do babies put things in their mouths

Where is the duck

Object permanence

Social development

Bowlby attachment theory

Why is attachment so important

Assumptions of attachment theory

Strange situation test

Which is avoidant-attachment

Which is anxious-ambivalent attachment

Secure attachment

Conclusions of Bowlby and Ainsworth

Harlow monkeys

Which monkey

What goes into attachment

Social development of Harlow monkeys

Field's newborn study

Outcome of Field's study

Just because of touch

Preoperational stage

Conservation task

Three mountain problem

Concrete operational stage

Formal operational stage

Remember this quiz

Changes in the adolescent body

Teenage social emotional development

Friendships and relationships in adolescence

Sexual relationships in adolescence

Sexual identity in adolescence

What makes someone an adult

Adulthood

Adult social development

Parents age for marriage

Personality and parenthood

Late adulthood

Age of mental decline

Week 6:

Lesson 06 Consciousness

Introduction to consciousness

Coma and consciousness

Two main dimensions of consciousness

Wakefulness and awareness

Tip of the tongue

Consciousness spectrum

Full consciousness

Attention

Simons and Chabris

Selective attention

Did you notice

Inattentional blindness

The cocktail party effect

Discontinuities in the last video

Change blindness

Think about this scenario

Identify parts of the scenario

Sustained attention

Meditation

Meditation study

Meditation study variables

Switching gears

Circadian rhythms

Chronotypes

Why do we sleep

The function of sleep

When we sleep

Sleep deprivation

The importance of sleep

Sufficient sleep

Sleep deprived test

Sleep apnea

Narcolepsy

Living with narcolepsy

Night terrors

Living with night terrors

Insomnia

Sleep disorder question

Good or bad for sleep

Sleep hygiene

Brain during sleep

Sleep stages

Brain waves during sleep

Which wave is awake

REM brain waves

Identifying features of sleeping brain waves

Importance of REM

REM sleep for learning

Lucid dreaming

What is a drug

Drug definition

Exploring aspects of drugs

Why take drugs

Do other animals use drugs

Psychoactive and psychotropic

BetterDay classification

Drugs of abuse

Two reasons people take drugs

Reviewing biology of behavior

Variables influencing drug use

Week 7:

Lesson 07 Learning

Questions to be answered

Learning

Conditioning Greg

Only bell

Classical conditioning

Reflexes

Which are reflexes

Ivan Pavlov

Parts of conditioning

Pavlov experiments

Which part of conditioning

Tone for conditioning

Acquisition

No more meat powder

Extinction and spontaneous recovery

Response versus trials

Bell in conditioning of Greg

Unconditioned stimulus

Greg flinching to the gun

Bell after repeated pairing

Flinching to the bell

Repeated pairing to make Greg flinch to the bell

Purpose of extinguishing

Little Albert

Single pairing fear response

Conditioned taste aversion

Black boots study

Matching parts of the black boots study

Other classical conditioning studies

BF Skinner

Skinner box

Schedules of reinforcement

Sea lions and conditioning

ABCs of operant conditioning

Reinforcement and punishment

Introduction to Dr. Zeligs

ABCs in our natural environment

Captive animals

Animal husbandry

Classical and operant conditioning

Conditioning in action with sea lions

What was the target

Training more complex behavior

ABCs example with Cali

Extinction in operant conditioning

Reinforcement

Looking back on ABCs in our environment

Table of operant conditioning

Analyzing operant conditioning

Uses of operant conditioning

Sea lion farewell

Albert Bandura

Bobo doll study

Independent variable of this study

After showing bobo doll interaction

Dependent variable of this study

Results of the bobo doll study

Bobo doll study with reinforcement

Social learning and sharks

Showing pictures of shark diving

Week 8:

Lesson 08 Memory

Do you remember

H.M. or Henry Molaison

Removal of the hippocampi

The importance of memory

Check out this picture

Three types of memory

Sensory memory

Short-term or working memory

Remember this number

Now try this one

Remember these letters

Chunking

Rule of seven

Central executive

Visuospatial sketchpad

Remember this list

What was on the list?

Serial position effect

Flashcard order

Introduction to long-term memory

Examples of long-term memories

Explicit or declarative memory

Implicit (non-declarative) memory

Bike riding memories

Four steps to long-term memory

Encoding

Example words

Mnemonic devices

Grocery list mnemonic

Consolidation

Storage

Schemas

Associative network

Four steps recap

Making an outline

Max the golden retriever

Retrieval

False memories

Importance of false memories

Limiting false memories

Car accident example

Forgetting and memory loss

How do we forget

Reasons people might not remember

Amnesia

Injury caused amnesia

Alzheimer's disease

Absentmindedness

Biological basis of memory

Three distinct long term memory systems

Brain structure and type of memory

HM and the tracing task

Sensory cortex

Stimulus to memory

Sensory systems of the brain

Short term or working memory in the brain

Long term memory in the brain

Emotions in memory

Memory processes and emotions

Long term potentiation

Week 9:

Lesson 09 Language and Thought

I think therefore I am

What is language

Language taken for granted

Human language

How did we get language

Development language

Individual language development

Brocas before Wernickes

Specific stages of language development

Unique way of saying things

Sentence phase

Not exposed to language

Genie neglected

Genies brain and language

Agreeing on theories

Perspectives on language acquisition

Social cultural theory

The brain in language acquisition

Starting point for two theories

Verbal behavior

Other environmental factors

Hart and Risley study

What did they find

Speaking at the same time

Socioeconomic factors

Praise words

Imitation

World within our skin

Skinners functional approach

Chomskys structural approach

Essence of Chomskys view

Vocal apparatus

You choose

Teach animals human language

Other species can communicate

Apes and ASL

Language and thought

Recapping language

Lost in translation

Dreaming in other languages

Thought in more detail

Mental representations

Try this question

Mental rotation

Reasoning

Deductive reasoning

Inductive reasoning

Causal inferences

Critical thinking

Metacognitive thinking

Judgement and decision making

How many decisions

Heuristics

Question for availability heuristic

Availability heuristic

Benefits and drawbacks of heuristics

Language and thought closing

Week 10:

Lesson 10 Intelligence

Intelligence introduction

What is intelligent life

Define intelligence

What is intelligence

Scientific theories of intelligence

Two main theories of intelligence

Which question is better

Intelligence as a single ability

Spearmans theory

Critics of single intelligence

Accurately measuring intelligence

Multiple intelligences

Howard Gardner and multiple intelligences

Eight types of intelligence

Intelligence and professions

Evaluating multiple intelligences

Evidence for multiple intelligences

Cattell-Horn-Carroll theory

Measuring intelligence

First IQ tests

Stanford Binet test

Working memory test

IQ test reliability

IQ test validity

Non verbal tests

IQ score distribution

Cognitive disability

Why do we need intelligence tests

Nature nurture and IQ

Which would you consider as intelligent

Three people considered intelligent by society

What do you think makes someone creative

Two paragraphs

Defining creativity

Can creativity be measured

Alternate uses test

Example creative thnking test

Try this test

Intelligence and creativity

Two string test

Problem solving

Obstacles to problem solving

Identifying obstacles

Intelligence closing points

Week 11:

Lesson 11 Motivation and Emotion

Why do we do the things we do

Motivation

Types of motivation

Psychological models of motivation

An evolutionary perspective

Drive reduction model

Yerkes-Dodson law

Performance due to arousal

Maslow's hierarchy

Put these needs in the hierarchy

Need to belong

Rejection

Achievement motivation

IO psychologists may ask

Motivation in the work place

Tour of Udacity

Introduction to extrinsic motivation

Extrinsic motivation in the workplace

Extrinsic rewards

Intrinsic motivation

Perceived organizational support

If you were a manager

Best in the workplace

Motivation to eat

Feeling full

Metabolism

Glucose and hunger

Transport glucose out of blood

Hormones that decrease hunger

Recapping hunger

Brain and hunger

Culture and food

Attitude toward foods

Introducing Dr. Markie Blumer

Western view

Cultural influence on sex

Besides self-exploration

Fantasy and age for sexual experience

Is masturbation normal?

Masturbation and motivation for sex

Switching gears to emotion

Feeling about our experience

Affective experiences

Least likely for an emotional response

Mood and emotion difference

Moods

Affective traits

Seven types of emotions

Basic emotions

Pride

Head and heart

Fear helping adaptation

Emotions

Physiology of emotion

Expression of emotion

Real smile

Introducing Dr. Erika Rosenberg

Universality of emotion expression

Applications of this research

Studying emotion

Week 12:

Lesson 12 Stress and Health

Talking about stress

What is stress

Definition of stress

Stimulus and response

Stressful events

Social readjustment rating scale

Rating life events

Stress beyond the scale

Shower example

Two ways of assessing

How else to respond

Secondary appraisal

Going back to the shower example

Recapping stressors and appraisal

Find the appraisals

Appraisals in another situation

Bodys response to stress

Physiological side of stress

Sympathetic nervous system response

Endocrine system

Two pathways for stress response

Effects from a stressor

HPA axis

Steps of HPA axis

Cortisol

Three stages of stress response

General adaptation syndrome

Stress response in the brain

Cortisols effects in the brain

Effect of stress on memory

Take home message here

Handling stress

Coping with untied shoes and tides

Greg ties his shoes

Emotion focused coping and social support

Lauren distancing herself

Distancing

How would you handle untied shoes

Greg and the tides

Reappraisal

Self control

Who handled the tides better

Emotional disclosure

Recapping how to cope with stress

Different responses to stress

Health and stress

How do you handle stress

Seeing the positive side

Dealing with stress by drug use

Other ways to cope

Eating as a way to cope

Effective way to cope

Exercise

Get out there and exercise

Meditation

Health psychology

Two models

Cardiovascular response

Immune system overview

Inflammation as a sign

Week 13:

Lesson 13 Personality

Describing yourself

Personality

Personality requirements

Measuring personality

What did you rate

Distribution of personality traits

Personality traits

Who is friendlier

Threshold for acting friendly

The Big Five

Openness to experience

Careers for open people

Conscientiousness

Conscientious careers

Extraversion

Jobs for extraverts

Agreeableness

Careers for agreeable people

Neurotics

Jobs for low neuroticism

Myers-Briggs Type Indicator

How do we measure personality

Many methods to measure personality

Behavioral observation

Why not rate any person

Inter-rater reliability

Interviews

A projective inkblot test

Unconscious clues to personality

Rorschach tests

Questionnaires

More on questionnaires

Quantitative and qualitative

What influenced your personality

Twin adoption studies

No genetic effect on personality

No environmental effect on personality

Results from twin studies

Strongest environmental influence

Nature, nurture, and personality

Same family, different environments

Biological basis of personality

Introversion, extraversion, and the brain

Pupil dilation test

Different personality theories

Psychoanalytic theory

Humanistic approach

Trait theory

Social-cognitive theory

Personality of Helo

Animals with personality

Which has personality

Research on animal personality

Dr. Zeligs on animal personality

Personality closing points

Week 14:

Lesson 14 Social

Social psychology

Three parts of social

Try this problem

Now try it again

Try it with some help

Try it with a circle

Try the circle again

Try it with a square

Try it with a triangle

Solomon Asch study

Conformity

Social norms

Social influences

Two scenarios

Obedience to authority

Milgram study experimental set up

What do you think were the results

Milgram study results

Ethics of Milgrams deception

Milgram study ethics

Recreated Milgram study

Social perception

Attributions

Two attributions

Think about attribution

Self serving bias

Schemas and stereotypes

Unaware of stereotypes

Gender stereotypes

Stereotype threat

Results from Steele and Aronson

Hockey in group and out group

In-group/out-group bias

Examples of bias

Prejudice

Implicit associations test

Attitudes and affection

Behavioral component

Cognitive component

Attitudes and advertising

Rate this class

We appreciate your feedback

Foot in the door

Hundred dollar donation

Second donation

Cognitive dissonance

Smoking example

Another example of cognitive dissonance

Hostile aggression

Frustration aggresson hypothesis

Instrumental aggression

Biology of aggression

Kitty Genovese case

Darley and Latane study

Bystander effect

Diffusion effect

Cost benefit analysis

Altruism

Reasons for altruism

Empathy

Week 15:

Lesson 15 Psychological Disorders

Psychological disorders

Stigma of mental illness

What constitutes a mental illness

Do not self diagnose

DSM-5

Four Ds

Flying unicorns

Does Kelly have a mental disorder

Disorder classification

Disordered percentage

Prevalence of mental illness

Neurodevelopmental disorders

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

Autism and Aspberger

Autism spectrum disorder

Causes of ASD

What makes you anxious

Benefits of anxiety

Generalized anxiety disorder

Normal anxieties

Panic disorders

Phobias

Do you have a phobia

Specific phobias

OCD

Obsessive-compulsive disorder

Biological basis of OCD

Recap PTSD

Post-traumatic stress disorder

Continuum for depression

Major depressive disorder

Depressions effects

Nature and nurture in depression

Persistent depressive disorder

Seasonal affective disorder

Postpartum depression

Depression and bipolar disorder

Bipolar disorder

Understanding bipolar disorder

Rapid cycling bipolar

Genetics and environment in bipolar

Dissociative disorders

Somatic symptom disorder

Personality disorder classification

Odd centric and other personality disorders

Histrionic personality disorder

Borderline peresonality disorder

Narcasisstic personality disorder

Antisocial personality disorder

Mohammad's personality disorder

Steven's personality disorder

Taylor's personality disorder

Caesar's personality disorder

Eduardo's personality disorder

Schizophrenia

Symptoms of schizophrenia

Disorganized speech

Bizarre behavior

Schizophrenia impairment

Different symptoms of schizophre

Week 16:

Lesson 16 Treatments for Psychological Disorders

Treatments for psychological disorders

Biological treatments

History of drug treatment

Drugs for mood and anxiety

MAOIs and tricyclics

Bupenorphine or wellbutrin

Panic comorbid with major depressive disorder

Use of stimulants

Drugs for schizophrenia

Antipsychotics

Treating positive symptoms

Side effects of antipsychotics

Psychosurgeries like lobotomy

History of lobotomy

Electroconvulsive therapy

rTMS

Summary of biological approach

Psychological treatments

Psychoanalytical therapy

Dealing with low self esteem

Humanistic therapy

Behavioral therapy

Behavioral therapies and token economy

Token economy

Systematic desensitization

Hierarchy of desensitization

Flooding

Aversion therapy

ABA and autism

Cognitive behavioral therapy

CBT revolutionizing treatment

Group therapies

Evidence based treatments

Recap of psychological treatments

Combined approaches

Integrative therapies

MBCT

Dialectical behavior therapy

Summary of combined approaches

How treatments help

Learning outcomes

This course will teach you critically evaluate psychological research and have a more in-depth understanding of human thought and behavior.

By the end of this course, you will be able to:

  • identify and analyze the social dimension of society as a context for human life, the processes of social change and social continuity, the role of human agency in those processes, and the forces that engender social cohesion and fragmentation.
  • place contemporary developments in cultural, historical, environmental, and spatial contexts.
  • identify the dynamics of ethnic, cultural, gender/sexual, age-based, class, regional, national, transnational, and global identities and the similarities, differences, linkages, and interactions between them.
  • evaluate social science information, draw on different points of view, and formulate applications appropriate to contemporary social issues.
  • recognize the interactions of social institutions, culture, and environment with the behavior of individuals.

Teaching-Learning methodology

Course Components:Videos Readings delve into key concepts and scenarios that will help to deepen your understandingInfographicsAssessments (learning checks, end of section assessments, the final assessment, discussion questions, individual reflection, drag and drop exercises, self-assessments, annotation exercises)

Assessment

Assessments: learning checks, the final assessment, forum discussions.

  • Soft skills Communication, Teamwork, Leadership
  • Language English
  • Other languages (eg. Subtitles) Unknown
  • Period of activation Self-paced
  • Date Unknown
  • Duration 4 months
  • Level of commitment required 6 hours/week
  • Cost Free * See platform for details
  • Providing institution San José State UniversityTeachers: Lauren Castellano, Susan Snycerski, Greg Feist
  • Mooc Platform Udacity
  • Target group Students
  • Instructor Unknown
  • Level of assistance offered Teachers will be guiding through the content in short video lectures
  • Keywords Communication, conflicts solving